Geography of Canada

Geography of the Canadian Sheild and Central regions

Canada's central provinces of Ontario and Quebec are some of the most densely populated areas and also some of the most thinly populated. The two larges provinces are roughly the size of Western Europe.

Ottawa, Canada's capital city, is located in Ontario on the border of Quebec.

South and Western areas of Ontario border the United States and the Great Lakes. Much of the north of the province is forested or covered by the dense rocky surface known as the Canadian Shield which extends into the Arctic and Quebec.

Quebec's major cities (Hull, Montreal, Quebec City) lie along the Saint Lawrence River. The Northern Appalachian Mountains reach from the USA into Quebec. The Gaspé Peninsula is where the Saint Lawrence meets the Atlantic Ocean. Quebec's northern expanse is surrounded by water and Labrador.

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