Religion in Canada

Christianity in Canada

Christianity is a mono-theistic religion that stems from Judaism and is based on the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth, who lived approximately 2,000 years ago and is believed by Christians to be the son of God. It is believed that he is the son of God promised to the Jews in the Torah, which to Christians is known as the Old Testament of the Christian sacred Scripture: the Bible. The Bible is composed of the writings in the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as recounted by four of his twelve apostles in the New Testament.

A belief in Jesus and the Holy Trinity of God, Jesus, and the Holy Spirit is the essence of Christianity and the commonality of all branches of Christianity. Christians celebrate Christmas on December 25 th each year as the birthday of Jesus Christ, and Easter every spring as the time when Jesus was crucified and whose spirit rose from the dead three days later and ascended to Heaven. There are over 22,851,825 practising Christians in Canada.

Christians believe in life after death, and that there are three options after death. If a person is bad and commits sins (breaking religious rules or being immoral) then he or she will go to Hell and be terrorized for all eternity by the devil. If a person is good, then he or she will go to Heaven to live in paradise with God.

Catholic

Catholicism is the original branch of Catholicism, it is also the most traditional. It is based on the general provisions of Christianity, in addition the belief that the Catholic Church and in particular the Pontiff or Pope is the voice of God on earth. The Pope is the head of the Catholic Church, followed by the Cardinals, Bishops, and Priests, who can only be men. There are also Monks and Nuns (women) in the Church. Priests are referred to as 'Father' and must live a monastic way of life.
Catholic life revolves around regular church attendance, sacraments, confession of one's since and penance. According to Stats Canada, there are approximately 12,936,905 Catholics in the country and 23,000 parishes. Parishes and their corresponding churches are usually named after saints and are the places of worship for Catholics.

Protestant

Protestantism began when Martin Luther successfully protested various doctrines and practices of the Roman Catholic Church, including celibacy and the monastic way of life. He established the reforms he sought by creating a new order of Christianity distinct from Catholicism. He emphasized that to become sinless in God's eyes, one must rely on the work of Jesus.

Protestantism is based entirely on the actual teachings of Jesus, as described in the Bible, as opposed to Catholicism which places emphasis on the works of scholars and the teachings of Pontiffs and others in addition to Bible teachings.
There are many different branches of Protestantism currently in Canada . The branch most closely tied to Martin Luther, is known as Lutheranism, which emphasizes faith and the authority of the Bible. Music also plays a large and central role in Lutheran services. Approximately 8,654,850 people in Canada identify themselves as Protestant.

Anglican / The Church of England

Anglicanism is the first faction to break off from the Catholic Church. It was started in England by King Henry VIII in the 16th Century. Anglicanism is very similar to Catholicism, although the head of the Anglican Church is not the Pope but the Monarch of England. Now, the head of the Anglican Church is Queen Elizabeth II. The Anglican Church also ordains women as priests.
Many Canadian citizens are British and as a result, Anglicanism is somewhat popular in Canada . There are approximately 2400 Anglican Pastorals in Canada.

Secretarian / Fundamentalist Christianity

Pentecostal
This branch of Christianity has become increasingly popular in Canada since the beginning of the twentieth century. It focuses on emotion as part of Christian worship. As a result sermons in Pentecostal churches are known for their lively sermons, passionate singing, and sometimes crying, fainting and speaking in tongues. There are approximately 1, 010 ministries in Canada.

Methodist
Originally a devotional movement within the Church of England. Lead by Charles Wesley, Methodism is based around methodical prayer and study. There are approximately 140 Methodist ministries in Canada, mostly in the central and western provinces.

Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints
This branch of Christianity was begun by Joseph Smith in 1820 who it is believed, had special revelations that culminated in the Book of Mormon. Mormons accept the Christian Bible and their own scriptures as being sacred.
Mormons believe that the New Jerusalem, Zion , will be built in North America and that Jesus Christ will reign. They also believe that one must obey the rules of law and the leader of the land, such as the king or president. They believe that all people have the right to pursue their own way of worship and that other religions should be appreciated as that. Mormonism is now headquartered in Salt Lake City, Utah. There are six temples in Canada and many more wards.

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