Climate and weather in Canada

Climate and weather in Canada

Canada's climate is not as cold all year around as some may believe. In winter, temperatures fall below freezing point throughout most of Canada. But the south-western coast has a relatively mild climate. Along the Arctic Circle, mean temperatures are below freezing for seven months a year.

During the summer months the southern provinces often experience high levels of humidity and temperatures that can surpass 30 degrees Celsius regularly.

Western and south-eastern Canada experience high rainfall, but the Prairies are dry with 250 mm to 500 mm of rain every year.

Weather Forecast for Canada


Average Annual Weather by Region

Below are a selection of cities in Canada with the average annual temperature, precipitation and other useful weather information.

Banff, Alberta

Latitude: 51.11N Longitude: 115.34W Altitude: 1397m

More information about the climate and weather in Banff

Temperature (°C) J F M A M J J A S O N D
Maximum -4 0 4 9 14 19 22 22 16 10 1 -4
Minimum -14 -10 -7 -2 2 5 7 7 3 0 -7 -13
Mean -9 -5 -1 3 8 12 15 14 9 5 -3 -9

Precipitation J F M A M J J A S O N D
Rain (mm) 2 2 2 11 42 58 51 51 38 15 6 3
Snow (cm) 38 30 27 26 17 2 0 0 7 19 34 44
Total (mm) 31 24 22 32 58 60 51 51 44 30 30 35
Snow Cover(cm) 37 33 12 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 12 27

Calgary, Alberta

Latitude: 51.07N Longitude: 114.01W Altitude: 1077m

More information about the climate and weather in Calgary

Temperature (°C) J F M A M J J A S O N D
Maximum -3 0 3 11 16 21 23 23 17 13 3 -1
Minimum -15 -11 -7 -1 3 7 10 9 4 0 -8 -13
Mean -9 -5 -2 4 10 14 16 16 11 6 -2 -7

Precipitation J F M A M J J A S O N D
Rain (mm) 0 0 2 9 44 77 70 49 43 6 1 0
Snow (cm) 18 15 19 20 10 0 0 0 6 12 16 19
Total (mm) 12 10 15 25 53 77 70 49 48 16 12 13
Snow Cover(cm) 7 5 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 4 6

Weather Info J F M A M J J A S O N D
Sunshine (h) 114 137 174 215 256 286 320 285 202 179 125 103
Rel.Humidity(%) 65 65 66 58 56 57 60 61 62 58 65 65
Wind Speed(km/h) 16 15 16 17 18 17 15 14 15 15 15 16
Wind Direction W S S N NW NW NW NW S S S W

Halifax, Nova Scotia

Latitude: 44.53N Longitude: 063.31W Altitude: 127m

More information about the climate and weather in Halifax

Temperature (°C) J F M A M J J A S O N D
Maximum -1 -1 3 8 15 20 23 23 19 13 7 1
Minimum -9 -10 -5 0 4 9 13 13 9 4 0 -6
Mean -5 -5 -1 4 9 15 18 18 14 9 3 -2

Precipitation J F M A M J J A S O N D
Rain (mm) 87 62 80 101 107 98 97 110 95 126 141 119
Snow (cm) 64 60 44 22 3 0 0 0 0 3 14 51
Total (mm) 147 119 123 124 111 98 97 110 95 129 154 167
Snow Cover(cm) 14 18 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 10

Weather Info J F M A M J J A S O N D
Rel.Humidity(%) 81 79 78 77 76 77 79 79 80 81 83 82
Wind Speed(km/h) 19 19 20 19 18 17 16 15 15 17 18 19
Wind Direction N NW NW N S S S S S SW NW NW

Iqaluit, Nunavut

Latitude: 63.45N Longitude: 068.32W Altitude: 34m

More information about the climate and weather in Iqaluit

Temperature (°C) J F M A M J J A S O N D
Maximum -21 -22 -18 -9 0 7 12 10 5 -1 -8 -17
Minimum -29 -30 -27 -19 -7 0 4 3 0 -7 -16 -25
Mean -25 -26 -23 -14 -3 3 8 7 2 -4 -12 -21

Precipitation J F M A M J J A S O N D
Rain (mm) 0 0 0 0 2 24 58 63 38 7 0 0
Snow (cm) 24 21 25 33 28 12 0 1 14 39 35 24
Total (mm) 22 19 22 28 30 37 58 64 52 42 31 20
Snow Cover(cm) 23 26 28 26 8 0 0 0 1 12 20 21

Weather Info J F M A M J J A S O N D
Sunshine (h) 38 96 172 225 199 189 214 160 90 57 46 22
Rel.Humidity(%) - - 68 74 79 76 75 78 79 80 76 71
Wind Speed(km/h) 16 16 14 17 18 16 13 14 16 18 18 15
Wind Direction N NW NW NW NW SE SE SE NW NW NW NW

Montreal, Quebec

Latitude: 45.28N Longitude: 073.45W Altitude: 31m

More information about the climate and weather in Montreal

Temperature (°C) J F M A M J J A S O N D
Maximum -5 -3 2 11 19 23 26 25 20 13 5 -2
Minimum -14 -13 -6 1 7 13 15 14 9 4 -1 -10
Mean -9 -8 -1 6 13 18 21 19 15 8 2 -6

Precipitation J F M A M J J A S O N D
Rain (mm) 21 19 34 63 67 83 86 100 87 73 70 35
Snow (cm) 48 41 31 11 2 0 0 0 0 3 24 55
Total (mm) 63 56 68 75 68 83 86 100 87 75 93 86
Snow Cover(cm) 21 21 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 19

Weather Info J F M A M J J A S O N D
Sunshine (h) 103 123 159 183 - - 276 241 170 141 84 80
Rel.Humidity(%) 73 71 69 65 64 68 70 73 75 74 77 76
Wind Speed(km/h) 17 16 16 16 14 14 12 11 12 14 16 16
Wind Direction W W W W SW SW SW SW SW W W W

Ottawa, Ontario

Latitude: 45.23N Longitude: 075.43W Altitude: 79m

More information about the climate and weather in Ottawa

Temperature (°C) J F M A M J J A S O N D
Maximum -5 -4 2 11 19 24 26 25 20 13 5 -3
Minimum -14 -13 -6 1 7 13 15 14 10 4 -1 -10
Mean -10 -8 -2 6 13 18 21 19 15 8 2 -6

Precipitation J F M A M J J A S O N D
Rain (mm) 14 15 30 58 76 84 87 88 84 72 64 30
Snow (cm) 46 41 27 7 1 0 0 0 0 3 19 54
Total (mm) 51 50 57 65 77 84 87 88 84 75 81 73
Snow Cover(cm) 23 29 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 4 17

Weather Info J F M A M J J A S O N D
Sunshine (h) 103 129 159 188 233 253 279 241 170 138 82 80

Quebec City, Quebec

Latitude: 46.48N Longitude: 071.23W Altitude: 70m

More information about the climate and weather in Quebec City

Temperature (°C) J F M A M J J A S O N D
Maximum -7 -5 0 8 17 22 25 23 18 11 3 -4
Minimum -16 -15 -8 -1 5 10 13 12 7 2 -3 -12
Mean -11 -10 -4 3 11 16 19 18 13 7 0 -8

Precipitation J F M A M J J A S O N D
Rain (mm) 20 14 33 53 99 110 119 120 124 93 68 30
Snow (cm) 78 65 51 19 1 0 0 0 0 3 38 82
Total (mm) 90 74 85 76 100 110 119 120 124 96 106 109
Snow Cover(cm) 70 79 47 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 11 48

Weather Info J F M A M J J A S O N D
Sunshine (h) 102 121 149 179 217 231 253 221 156 122 79 82
Rel.Humidity(%) 71 69 68 65 62 68 72 74 75 73 76 75
Wind Speed(km/h) 17 17 17 16 15 13 11 11 12 14 15 16
Wind Direction W W W E E SW SW SW W W W W

Regina, Saskatchewan

Latitude: 50.26N Longitude: 104.40W Altitude: 577m

More information about the climate and weather in Regina

Temperature (°C) J F M A M J J A S O N D
Maximum -10 -6 0 11 19 23 26 26 19 12 0 -7
Minimum -21 -18 -11 -1 4 9 12 11 5 -1 -10 -18
Mean -16 -12 -5 4 11 16 19 18 12 5 -4 -13

Precipitation J F M A M J J A S O N D
Rain (mm) 1 1 3 13 48 67 59 40 33 14 2 1
Snow (cm) 19 16 17 9 3 0 0 0 2 8 13 21
Total (mm) 15 13 17 20 51 67 59 40 34 20 12 16
Snow Cover(cm) 21 18 8 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 5 15

Weather Info J F M A M J J A S O N D
Sunshine (h) 103 127 157 221 272 294 340 299 192 170 106 86
Rel.Humidity(%) 77 79 79 66 58 60 61 60 64 68 78 79
Wind Speed(km/h) 21 21 21 22 21 19 17 17 19 20 19 20
Wind Direction N SE SE SE SE SE SE SE SE SE SE SE

St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador

Latitude: 47.37N Longitude: 052.44W Altitude: 134m

More information about the climate and weather in St. John's

Temperature (°C) J F M A M J J A S O N D
Maximum 0 0 1 5 10 16 20 20 16 11 6 2
Minimum -7 -8 -5 -1 1 6 11 11 8 3 0 -4
Mean -3 -4 -2 1 6 11 15 15 12 7 3 -1

Precipitation J F M A M J J A S O N D
Rain (mm) 69 69 74 80 91 95 78 122 125 147 122 91
Snow (cm) 83 69 54 27 8 1 0 0 0 4 22 55
Total (mm) 148 134 127 110 101 97 78 122 125 152 145 144
Snow Cover(cm) 21 24 11 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 10

Weather Info J F M A M J J A S O N D
Rel.Humidity(%) 82 82 82 83 81 80 81 82 82 83 83 83
Wind Speed(km/h) 28 27 26 24 22 22 21 21 21 23 25 27
Wind Direction W W W W W SW SW SW W W W W

Toronto, Ontario

Latitude: 43.45N Longitude: 079.29W Altitude: 198m

More information about the climate and weather in Toronto

Temperature (°C) J F M A M J J A S O N D
Maximum -2 -1 4 12 19 24 27 26 21 15 7 0
Minimum -10 -9 -3 1 8 13 16 15 11 5 0 -6
Mean -6 -5 0 7 13 19 22 20 16 10 4 -2

Precipitation J F M A M J J A S O N D
Rain (mm) 56 19 36 58 61 77 72 75 67 61 61 54
Snow (cm) 38 29 24 9 0 0 0 0 0 2 8 22
Total (mm) - 47 59 68 62 77 72 75 67 63 69 -
Snow Cover(cm) 14 9 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 8

Vancouver, British Columbia

Latitude: 49.11N Longitude: 123.10W Altitude: 3m

More information about the climate and weather in Vancouver

Temperature (°C) J F M A M J J A S O N D
Maximum 6 8 10 13 16 19 22 22 18 14 9 6
Minimum 0 1 3 5 8 11 13 13 10 6 3 1
Mean 3 5 6 9 12 15 17 17 14 10 6 4

Precipitation J F M A M J J A S O N D
Rain (mm) 132 116 105 75 62 46 36 38 64 115 167 161
Snow (cm) 21 9 4 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 19
Total (mm) 150 124 109 75 62 46 36 38 64 115 170 179
Snow Cover(cm) 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4

Other Weather J F M A M J J A S O N D
Sunshine (h) 55 87 132 172 237 242 296 265 189 124 67 54
Rel.Humidity(%) 85 84 80 76 75 75 74 77 81 86 85 86
Wind Speed(km/h) 12 12 13 13 11 11 11 11 10 11 12 12
Wind Direction N N N N N N N N N N N N

Whitehorse, Yukon Territory

Latitude: 60.43N Longitude: 135.04W Altitude: 703m

More information about the climate and weather in Whitehorse

Temperature (°C) J F M A M J J A S O N D
Maximum -13 -7 -1 6 13 18 20 18 12 4 -5 -11
Minimum -22 -17 -12 -4 0 5 8 6 2 -2 -13 -19
Mean -18 -12 -6 0 7 12 14 12 7 1 -9 -15

Precipitation J F M A M J J A S O N D
Rain (mm) 0 0 0 1 12 30 39 38 31 8 1 0
Snow (cm) 23 17 17 10 3 1 0 1 5 19 26 25
Total (mm) 17 12 12 8 14 31 39 39 35 23 19 19
Snow Cover(cm) 34 33 28 3 0 0 0 0 0 4 16 27

Weather Info J F M A M J J A S O N D
Sunshine (h) 46 98 161 231 263 266 256 234 138 90 45 25
Rel.Humidity(%) - 72 65 59 54 55 60 64 70 73 77 -
Wind Speed(km/h) 13 15 14 14 14 13 11 12 14 16 15 14
Wind Direction S S S SE SE SE SE SE S S S S

Winnipeg, Manitoba

Latitude: 49.54N Longitude: 097.14W Altitude: 239m

More information about the climate and weather in Winnipeg

Temperature (°C) J F M A M J J A S O N D
Maximum -12 -9 -1 10 19 23 26 25 19 11 0 -9
Minimum -23 -20 -11 -1 5 10 13 12 6 0 -8 -18
Mean -17 -14 -6 4 12 17 20 18 12 6 -4 -14

Precipitation J F M A M J J A S O N D
Rain (mm) 0 0 6 26 58 84 72 75 51 25 5 2
Snow (cm) 23 17 19 9 2 0 0 0 0 5 19 20
Total (mm) 19 15 23 36 60 84 72 75 51 30 21 19
Snow Cover(cm) 24 23 9 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 8 15

Weather Info J F M A M J J A S O N D
Sunshine (h) 120 140 178 232 277 291 322 286 189 150 95 99
Rel.Humidity(%) 78 78 78 68 60 65 69 69 71 72 80 80
Wind Speed(km/h) 18 17 18 20 19 17 15 15 18 19 18 17
Wind Direction N S S N S S S S S S S S
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